What is Periodontitis?
Signs of Periodontitis
Periodontists are specialists in gum health. If your general or cosmetic dentist detects signs of gingivitis or worse, they will likely refer you to a periodontist. Common signs of severe gum disease include red, swollen, or bleeding gums, bad breath, a receding gum line, and loose teeth. Periodontal pockets are also a tell-tale sign. This is when the gums have pulled away from the teeth and form small pouches underneath each tooth.
Gum disease can usually always be cured with proper control of plaque. Plaque can be removed in this case in two ways. The first tactic typically used is a scaling and root planing. This involves scraping tartar from both above and below the gum line, and eliminating rough spots from the roots of certain teeth. This gets rid of much of the bacteria affecting the gums. Gum flap surgery might be necessary if a scaling and root planing is not successful. During this procedure, the gums are lifted back so the roots can be cleaned more efficiently.
Attending regular dental cleanings and practicing good oral hygiene is the best way to avoid gum disease. Contact us for more about periodontal treatments.
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